O Levels Chemistry Questions: Mole Concepts / Mole Calculations

Mole Calculations, also commonly known as Mole Concepts & Chemical Calculations had been identified by students and educators alike, to be one #1 Killer Topic in GCE ‘O’ Levels Chemistry, IP Chemistry, IB Chemistry and IGCSE Chemistry.

Recently, we have seen more students asking us to discuss more in this chemistry blogsite. One of my chemistry student, who is committed to do well in the october’s GCE ‘O’ Levels Chemistry Examinations, had sent me a series of questions related to Mole Calculations.

They are questions that are not really difficult to comprehend and score, but you must have strong essential concepts & a good strategy to solve it. Let’s check out the questions:

Question 1:
A mixture of 8g of hydrogen gas and 8g of oxygen gas is burnt and the rxn is represented by the equation below. What is the mass of water formed?

2H2(g) + O2 (g) –> 2 H2O (l)

A) 9g
B) 18g
C) 36g
D) 72g


Question 2:
An element of E forms a hydride with the formula EH3 which contains 90% of E by mass. What is the relative atomic mass of E?

A) 27
B) 30
C) 87
D) 90


Question 3:
Which ion is present in highest concentration in a 2 mol/dm3 sodium sulfate solution

A) Na+
B) SO4 2-
C) H+
D) OH-


Question 4:
How many chloride ions are in contact with each sodium ion in a crystal lattice of sodium chloride?

A 1
B 2
C 4
D 6

If you are a student that will be taking GCE ‘O’ Level Chemistry Exams or other related end-of-year Chemistry Examinations, the above sets of questions will be interesting for you to solve.

PS: Leave your suggested answers and comments in “Leave A Reply” below.

PPS: If you are not strong in Mole Calculations, and would like to have a quick-fix, you might want to consider the upcoming Mole Calculations Mastery Workshop.

Until the next post! See ya!

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Many people talked about teaching Chemistry, I simply LOVE it. I am a passionate Chemistry Coach based in Singapore, Southeast-Asia and aspire to be one of the most dynamic, powerful and humorous speakers in Asia. My 16+ years of coaching experience has equipped me to understand the true reasons why students are not able to perform well in Chemistry, and allow me to structure my teaching methodology to cater to different levels of learners. If you have found this post useful, please share it with your friends. I would really appreciate it! Sean Chua

22 Responses to O Levels Chemistry Questions: Mole Concepts / Mole Calculations
  1. WeiJie
    September 6, 2009 | 5:48 pm

    1) A. Must take the mole of limiting reagent, O2.
    2) A.
    3) D.
    4) A.


  2. Tingwei
    September 8, 2009 | 6:16 pm



    mike Reply:



  3. JM
    September 9, 2009 | 2:39 am

    Remember, O2 is the limiting reactant. There is a common mistake by some students whereby they calculate the “No. of moles of H2″ and applied ratio directly, thinking that it is 4 moles.

    Since O2 = LR,
    Moles of O2 = 8/32 = 0.25
    Moles of H2O reacted = 0.25 * 2 = 0.5
    Mass of H20 = 0.5 * 18 = 9g

    Relative Atomic Mass of H = 1
    thus for H3 = 3 * 1 = 3 (which is 10%)
    Relative Atomic Mass of E = 90% = 3 * 9 = 27

    2 mol/dm3 = 2 moles of Na2SO4
    1 Mole of Na2SO4 dissociates into 2 Na(+) and 1 SO4(2-) ions
    this 2 moles of Na2SO4 = 4 moles of Na(+) and 2 moles of SO4(2-)
    Thus, there is more Na+ ions

    Common mistake here is people consider H+ or OH-.
    Take note that in solvation, it is the WATER MOLECULES that surround the ions. (Not H+ or OH- ions). In other words, conc. of H+ and OH- should be 0.

    Many students are confused due to the way they write the half equations of H+ and OH- ions in electrolysis for aqueous solutions. In reality, it is the H2O molecules that undergo electrolysis first, thus forming the ions. [Please ignore if its too confusing]

    HINT: Anyway, even if u assume water = H+ and OH- instead of H2O(l),
    you should atleast be able to tell that each mole of water = 1H+ and 1OH-.. thus the conc. if both ions would be the same… how can you have 2 correct answers in a MCQ question?

    Go take a look at the crystal lattice diagram. Look at the Na+ or Cl- ions IN THE MIDDLE of the lattice. There should be 6 of the other ions next to it. 1 Top, 1 Bottom, 1 Left, 1 Right, 1 Front, 1 Back.

    Common mistake is to take NaCl = Na+ and Cl- and conclude the answer to be 1.

    Note: if each Na+ has 6 accompanying Cl-
    and each Cl- has 6 accompanying Na+
    the ratio is stilll 1:1


    huaan Reply:

    u seem familiar. do i knw you?


    JM Reply:

    Nope i dont think so :)


    waleed bin qasim Reply:


    pliz grade sir

  4. Huaan
    September 9, 2009 | 11:22 pm

    1) A
    Firstly, calculate limiting reactant
    Since we knw tat 2mole of H2 react with 1 mole of O2
    4moles of H2, will react with 2 moles of O2.

    Hence, We knw that oxygen is used up, since there are only 0.25 moles in the given reaction

    Now we knw tat Oxygen is the limiting reactant, therefore, we can say that Moles of water is 0.5
    Mass Of Water = 9g

    2) A
    10% -> hydride

    3/(3+x) =1/10

    3) C

    Sodium Sulphate is a salt, formed by Sodium and Sulphuric Acid.
    It is an acidic salt, as sodium sulphate is Na2SO4.
    We all knw tat acidic salt dissociate in water to form H+ ions.
    Hence, the ions with the highest concentrations should probably be H+ ions, and neither Na ions nor SO4 ions.

    4) C
    Indeed, In a Crystal lattice. the ratio of sodium ions is 1:1, and that is why the formula unit is NaCl.
    However,the question now states that “chloride ions are in contact with each sodium ion in a crystal lattice ” now tat ionic compound forms a giant ionic structure,
    1 Na+ions should have 4 other Cl- ions.( It shall the same for chloride as well)


    JM Reply:

    For 3),
    – Sodium Sulphate is neutral not acidic. It can be formed from H2SO4, or an acidic salt, NaHSO4.
    – A way to define/tell acidity is pH. But what is pH? It is a measure of the concentration of H+ ions. You cant dessociate H+ from Na2SO4.

    For 4),
    – Please look at it in a 3 dimension manner. Or simple flip open your textbook and look at the CENTER ions then start counting.


    huaan Reply:

    wow:D thanks JMC:D


    Abdul Wasay Reply:

    Brother you are correct about your last answer but your answer about the sodium sulphate is wrong. Because it is an neutral salt. so its solution in water will be neutral. if we look closer to the composition then we can see that there are 2 moles of Sodium in it and 1 mole of sulphate and if we multiply the number of moles with the avagardo number then the number of ions of sodium will be more. so the correct answer is A. you must check it too.


  5. Wasiq nisar
    September 10, 2009 | 4:45 pm

    Can you tell me where i can find your book in pakistan


  6. Lun
    September 16, 2009 | 7:50 pm



  7. meng yong
    September 17, 2009 | 6:23 pm

    1) A


  8. Saruul
    September 28, 2009 | 1:30 am

    seriously guys. the ANS is A A A D. omg u guys need to buck up ur chem!


    huaan Reply:

    we are all learning here. dun crap.


  9. MEHAK
    November 12, 2009 | 12:34 pm

    D.I think it should be C b/c sodium ion is surrounded by 6 Cl ions


  10. MEHAK
    November 12, 2009 | 12:35 pm

    oh sorry there is a mistake it should be D(6)


    November 12, 2009 | 12:39 pm

    FOR 4


  12. bilal
    February 26, 2010 | 8:47 pm

    H2 =4m

    O2=0.5 m so it is limiting reactant

    x =9
    so ans for 1 is A

    2) x+3/100 = 3/10

    x = 27 so ans = A

    3) i did not uderstand

    4) D


  13. bella
    March 17, 2013 | 7:51 am

    me too


  14. Aaema
    March 8, 2015 | 11:14 pm



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